Category Archives: Flora & Fauna

Hanging Out in Hamilton Island

Feb. 21, 2018:Hamilton Island-46

Jim and I started out the morning by going down to the wildlife preserve in town, which features Koala cuddling. However, this is by appointment only for a limited time each morning, so we just made an appointment for the last day of our stay.

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The one and only dingo we saw the whole time we were in Australia!

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Then we went down to the water sports pavilion to try our hand at some snorkeling. However, we were surprised to find that there is not much snorkeling on this island, and most of it must be done when the tide is completely out. Sadly, it was about four hours too late for that this morning, but we gave it a try anyway. It was such a bust that we came in almost immediately and went to lunch at the open air pool pavilion.Then I went to the spa and tried to soothe the muscles I had tested over the last four days of diving. As I was finishing up in the spa, it started to pour down rain, and we had to learn how to button up the buggy. We’ll see, but tomorrow is projected to rain again. I hope not, because we are scheduled to do a helicopter ride over the Great Barrier, and go snorkeling out there off a huge permanent pontoon float called Reef World!

Amazing Cave, Cathedrals and Nonkies Bommie

Feb. 18, 2018:

We did not have so far to travel last night to today’s location off Holmes Reef. The downside of that is that we anchored about midnight, and the swell caused the boat to pitch hard from side to side. I don’t think many of us slept much for those last six hours until our wakeup call.

We are still out in the Coral Sea, but today we are diving the sites around Holmes Reef. It’s a bright sunny morning, and we all scramble to get ready for our first dive today at Amazing Caves, whose name says it all.

Holmes Reef Sites-Vili-1


Great Barrier Reef Day Four-20
Some kind of Sand Goby
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Some kind of Surgeonfish or Tang
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One of the Amazing Caves
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Jim and I swimming through one of the crevasses. Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Great Barrier Reef Day Four-24
Staghorn Coral
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Coral Canyon
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Hawk Anthias?
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Some kind of Banded Goby
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I can’t find the identification for this one, but it might be a Three Spot Wrasse
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Princess Damsel?
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Juvenile Blackfin Damsel?
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Orange Soft Coral

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Then we moved to another of the Holmes Reef site; called Cathedrals.  I spent most of my time here chasing a Coral Cod around a coral head trying to get a good picture of him.

Holmes Reef Sites-Vili-3

Great Barrier Reef Day Four-68
Anemone on right; coral on left
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See all the baby black finned damsels hiding in the coral?
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Hawk Anthias
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Scissortail Chromis

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Ocellate Damselfish
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South Seas Devil Damsel & Pacific Half and Half Chromis
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Hole in the coral reef wall
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Spiny Oyster?
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Princess Anthias
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Striped Surgeonfish
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Blue Damselfish or Blue Chromis in a head of fire coral?
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Mimic Surgeonfish
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Golden Damsel
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Humphead Maori Wrasses
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Bird Wrasse (on left), Slingjaw Wrasse (in center), Golden Damsel (on right)

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For the final dive of the trip, we moved a short distance to a dive site called Nonki’s Bommie. Legend has it that Nonki was a Japanese diver who discovered the site. A Bommie is a coral head that rises up from the ocean floor in a free standing hill. This was a very special because it has crevices you can swim though and some more great soft corals and fan corals.

Holmes Reef Sites-Vili-2

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Pyramid Butterflyfish
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Fan corals and sea plumes hanging under a ledge
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Barrier Reef Anemone Fish and Half and Half Chromis


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Juvenile Mimic Filefish
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Fire Dartfish
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Blue Tang
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Feather Star
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Pencil Surgeonfish
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Dotted Sweetlips and Cleaner Wrasse
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Slender Grouper
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Longnose Butterflyfish and Big Longnose Butterflyfish-Dark Variation
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Barrier Reef Anemonefish in a Magnificent Anemone
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Arc-Eye Hawkfish
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Coral Beauty Angelfish
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View at the top of the Bommie
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Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Sadly, it is now time to head back to Cairns. We really treasured our time on the Spirit of Freedom.  The entire dive team was very well professional and experienced, but also very attentive to ensure each guest enjoyed a stellar experience. We would go back in a heartbeat!

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Bouganville Reef

Feb. 17, 2018:

Last night, the Captain moved the boat out to our furthest point eastward, and we’re about 200 miles off the coast on Bouganville Reef. Today, we have four dives on tap. The first is at a dive site called Dungeons and Dragons; named after all its caves and twisting crevices between coral outgrowths. The site is rich in soft corals and fans, and hosts tons of tiny tropical fish. Although we weren’t too adventurous going into the caves, we did have fun swimming through the crevices. We just loved this dive!

Bouganville Reef Sites-Vili-1
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai


Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai


Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Great Barrier Reef Day Three-8
Two-spined Angelfish aka Coral Beauty Angelfish
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Brittle stars inside coral head
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Blackfin Barracuda
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Orangefin Anemonefish

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Anthias and Damselfish?
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Longnose Butterflyfish

For our second dive of the day, we moved a short distance to the site of a wreck, the Antonio Terrabocchia. The ship itself isn’t that old, having sunk in 1961. However, after it went down, a tug attempted a salvage operation to pull the wreck off the reef with catastrophic results.  The back of the ship broke and the ship disintegrated, and is now spread widely over this reef area.  The wreck is found on the oceanward side of the reef, and above that area is a much shallower reef area where the fish life is pretty interesting.

Bouganville Reef Sites-Vili-2-2
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

However, the sun has disappeared, and the Captain joined our dive briefing to warn us that there are rain squalls nearby and the winds might shift suddenly, which would drive the boat back onto the reef. In that case he will have to weigh anchor, and we will have to get back to the boat via tenders. To keep us safe from the boat’s propellers, we are instructed that if we hear the boat’s engines, just to stay down and finish the dive and then come up normally.

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Wreck of the Antonio Terrabocchia

In addition to creating a great environment for smaller fish to shelter, there is a huge potato cod that frequents the area, and as you can see, we found him! There are also some giant anemones, which have there own schools of “Nemo” clownfish. Overall, the dive site is just gorgeous! However, about 20 minutes into the dive, we can hear thunder crashing overhead, and the boat’s engines revving up. As we ascended to do our safety stop, we can see the surface is very roiled by the hard rain obviously falling above. When we hit the surface, we were initially disturbed to find that the rain had caused the visibility to reduce sharply, and we couldn’t even see the Spirit of Freedom! Nonetheless, the tenders showed up quickly, and we beat feet back to the boat.

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Spotted Pufferfish
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Orange fan coral
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Giant Clam
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Clown Triggerfish
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Giant Humphead Maori or Napoleon Wrasses
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Red Sea Fan
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Chevron Barracudas
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White-cheeked Surgeonfish
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Dusky Butterflyfish
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Shaded Batfish (front) and Pyramid Butterflyfish
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Half & Half Puller (in back) and Ring-eyed Hawkfish (front)

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Table Coral
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Dot and Dash Butterflyfish
More of the Antonio Terrabocchia-Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Great Barrier Reef Day Three-37
Speckled Butterflyfish
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Bouganville Reef Sites-Vili-3
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Great Barrier Reef Day Four-98

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Pink Soft Coral aka Tree Coral
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Fan Corals

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Two-Banded Anemonefish atop Anemone

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Striped Surgeonfish

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Earl’s S;ender Anthias in foreground 
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Diana’s Hogfish and Golden Damsel
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Dian’a Hogfish
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Princess Anthia (?)
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School of Bi-color Anthias(?)
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Two-spined Angelfish aka Coral Beauty Angelfish

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Osprey Reef

Feb. 16, 2018:

Ribbon Reef Sites-Vili-1

As dawn broke over the Great Barrier Reef, we were awaked by the crew for breakfast, and then another exciting day of diving. As we finished up “Brekkie No. 1” (first breakfast), we got our dive briefing for our first dive of the day at the aptly named Around the Bend dive spot.

As a general note, we found the captain and crew to be incredibly knowledgeable about each of the areas we visited, and happy to share that knowledge. In fact, I’m going to use their charts from the dive briefings to show what we did for each dive, and that is at least going to be the starting place for these blogs. The dive briefings were very detailed, and the crew was hyper-aware of the potential for changing conditions.

In this case, the dive is essentially a drift dive along the outer reef face or a sea mount, with a stop mid-dive to watch out for sharks and other large predator fish that gather at a break in the reef wall to hunt. Then a swim across the opening, gradually ascending to a shallow area called the Grotto where you can do your safety stop and gaze at a coral reef while you do it. At least, that was the plan …

There are some big challenges about this dive spot. First and foremost is the current, which is very strong. Also, because the current is so strong, you must descend very quickly in order not to miss the place you hang out and watch for the big fish. Next, also because of the current, it was really tricky to latch onto the opening in the reef where prior dive companies have erected a rope into the reef face for you to latch onto. Finally, making the ascent across the reef opening with its increased current made for a tiring end to the dive. In short, this turned out to be the most challenging dive of the whole trip! Jim and I didn’t have any trouble making the descent and doing the drift dive, but that whole latching-on-to-rope-thing was fraught with peril. Jim and I got separated by the current. By the time I had made it back to the reef wall and latched on to (literally) one of the dive masters, I had pretty much missed the opportunity to see any of the hunters in action. Then came the hard swim to our ascent location. What can I say?! Another eff’g opportunity to learn! Our takeaway: if the dive plan goes to shit, you can always latch onto something long enough to make your safety stop and then ascend. If you’re too far away from the boat, that’s what those inflatable safety sausages are for!

Great Barrier Reef Day Two-3

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Two-banded Anemone fish
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Blue-spotted grouper

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Daisy coral
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Dot and Dash Butterflyfish
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Various Squirrelfish

After a really hearty “second brekkie” while the captain moved the boat (and we recovered from our harrowing first dive), Jim and I were ready for the main event of the day; a shark feeding at North Horn.  This is a totally cool area which features a natural amphitheater at about 40 feet which looks down at the top of a seamount about 15 feet below it. The crew has filled a metal cage with pieces of frozen tuna heads threaded through a metal cable and attached to some buoys.  as we took our places on the ledge of the amphitheater, the cage is slowly lowered onto the top of the seamount and tied off.  Then the sharks and other predators began to gather.  When we had amassed a sizable crowd of sharks, the crew member with the short straw had to latch the metal cage and then a food fight broke out.  The best pictures from this came from our onboard photographer, Vili, who took up a position right on the edge of the seamount about three feet from the cage.  My photos are the definitely less interesting (but safer) ones looking down on the scene.

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Me filming the spectacle-Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Great Barrier Reef Day Two-10

Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

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Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Great Barrier Reef Day Two-69
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Great Barrier Reef Day Two-22Great Barrier Reef Day Two-30Great Barrier Reef Day Two-41We stayed in place for our third dive of the day, which gave us an opportunity to do more diving along the reef wall of North Horn. This was a very cool experience, because there are all sorts of nooks and crannies to look for fish, and we saw types of fish I have never seen before. Now the challenge is to try to identify them from the pictures I took! Tomorrow, we’ll be diving further south off Bouganville Reef.

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The dining room of the Spirit of Freedom-Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
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brand X cod or bass
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Giant Clam
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Orange Lined Triggerfish
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Orange Spot Surgeonfish
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Moon wrasses
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Moorish Idol

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Great Barrier Reef Day Two-136
Saddled Butterflyfish
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Best guess-some kind of damselfish
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Palette Surgeonfish
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Coral Princess Palace and Challenger Reef

Feb. 15, 2018:

Jim and I set off this morning on a four day trip to the outer Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea aboard the Sprit of Freedom, and it was a fabulous experience! The ship is fairly modern, with some very nice amenities, like a huge dive deck, and a dedicated indoor area for camera and computer use. The cabins are fairly small, but serviceable, and always spotlessly clean. However, there are plentiful public areas indoors and out, and the ship is very comfortable.

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Our Intended Journey

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On the Cessna Caravan flying to the GBR
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Leaving Cairns

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Cairns Bay
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First view of the Great Barrier Reef

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Approaching Lizard Island

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First views of the Spirit of Freedom

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Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai
Credits to @ViliPhotography, Vili Maitaiwai

Because this trip goes to the outer Great Barrier Reef, the reefs are in deeper water, and thus influenced by slightly cooler ocean waters, which means sea life is very plentiful. In fact, all the reefs we visited were very healthy and we saw no evidence of reef bleaching at all. The coral colors were just amazing, and the fish variety was mind-boggling! Add to that average visibility ranges of 100-150 feet, and you can see why this is a diver’s paradise. Once aboard, you are given 4-5 opportunities to dive each day. The food was yummy, and the chef always had a fresh offering ready each time we came out of the water. Therefore, our life for the next four days will consist of “Eat, dive, eat, dive, eat, dive, eat, dive and sleep”. Let’s get started with a dive on the Coral Princess Palace!


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Dive Briefing for Coral Princess Palace

Great Barrier Reef Day One-9
Best guess–some kind of wrasse or hogfish
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Elephant Ear Sponge on left

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Soft corals and Royal Gramma
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Parrotfish upside down
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Bicolored Angelfish
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Moray Eel
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Giant Clam

Then we moved the boat to Ribbon Reef No. 9 in order to dive at Challenger Bay. We actually did two dives here: one in the late afternoon, and the second at night.

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Great Barrier Reef Day One-84
More Elephant Ear sponge and dwarf stag horn coral; Bi-color angel and golden damselfish, five line cardinalfish
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Jim perfectly “trimmed out”
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Fiveline cardinalfish, golden damsels, and checkerboard wrasse
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Shaded Batfish
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Giant Moray Eel

Then came the night dive …!  This night dive is all about seeing the big predator fish (and sharks) which come out at night to feed.  Because the boat stops weekly in this spot, the local fish have adapted somewhat to the divers.  Our first clue about this is when the boat turned on her floodlights aimed down at the ocean to help guide divers back, and HUGE Trevellys started jumping out of the water. Think hunger big tuna and you’ll begin to get the feel.  Another way the predators have adapted is that they have learned that our dive lights are a helpful way to locate their prey. Accordingly, our dive leader instructed us not to shine the lights directly on the fish you are viewing lest they get eaten.  He cautioned us “only 1 kill per diver”, and not to cause any of the “pretty” fish to get eaten; only the ugly ones.

The thought of getting into the water with all these hungry fish was a little daunting!  Then you get into the water, and these fish and the sharks are so thick you can hardly see anything else.  However, the dive was really cool, and many things were active that you never see in the day.

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White-tipped reef shark

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Big-eyed Trevelly

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From left: some kind of Hawkfish? , a Half and Half Puller, &  Scalefin Anthias
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Sailfin Surgeonfish, aka Sail-fin Tang
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Soft coral feeding
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Paddletail snapper?
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Some kind of branched murex moving very slowly across the seafloor

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Purple Coral and Giant Clam
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Golden Damsel on a plate coral

Oohing and Aahhing at Uluru

Feb. 13, 2018:

Jim and I were up before the sun this morning to do a hike around the base of Uluru, and to learn more about the aboriginal culture of the local people who call themselves the Anangu. We got some killer shots of Uluru at sunrise, walked the Kuniya Walk (involving a sacred story about the snake goddess, Kuniya) and then were able to see some of the ponds that form at Uluru’s base called the Mutitjulu Waterhole. Learning our lesson from last night, we were all garbed up in our fly hoods because with the sun came the flies! I lasted about a third of the way around the base, and then gave up to the heat and flies. Jim, however, trooped the entire way around the base (a distance of about six miles).



The stone formation said to represent the goddess Kuniya (as a snake curled on top of itself)
Stone pictographs in the Learning Cave at the Kulp Mutitjulu Uluru-111


Mutitjulu Waterhole


Following that, we rested during the heat of the day, and then reassembled for another expedition of Uluru; this time to focus on the sacred areas of the Rock, and to learn more about the myths of those places. Rain has been threatening all afternoon (and in fact rained for a short time this afternoon while we were swimming), but it is so blasted hot, Jim and I left our raincoats behind, and just carried umbrellas. Once again, cocktails and canapés awaited us at the end of this excursion. However, about halfway through the trip, the heavens just opened up.



Normally, you would think this was a bummer, but a fabulous thing happened. The top of Uluru is basically a giant flat rock with some pools in it. When it rains really hard, the pools fill up, and waterfalls start to cascade down the side of Uluru. Usually, this can take up to two hours, and may not even happen if the rain is not strong enough. However, in this case, the rain was so violent that we were able to see the beginning of the waterfalls within about 20 minutes. In fact, the rain was so hard that it looked like water was exploding from the top of Uluru.





We finally left when it started thundering and lightning right overhead, and we had a very wet hike out of the park, but it was still a magical experience. Back at the resort, we enjoyed a spectacular lightning show while we ate dinner.


Welcome to the Deep Red Center of Australia!

Feb. 12, 2018:

We spent most of the day in transit today before arriving at Longitude 131° Resort. This resort is another property owned by the same couple who own the Southern Ocean Lodge (the Baileys), and it is similarly striking. In the case of this resort, the dwellings are all designed to resemble tents although they have solid walls and the tent ceiling is permanent and 100% attached. This is a very good thing as not only was it hot as Hades here, but in the summertime, the whole area is plagued with kajillions of small flies!





The ground everywhere is an incredible shade of red! From our room, we can see Uluru in the distance. In fact, like Southern Ocean Lodge, upon arrival, we were given our activity schedule for the next three days.


After enjoying a brief dip in our plunge pool on the deck looking at Uluru, we prepared for our first outing which was a sunset walk around the edge of Uluru with drinks and canapés. Sadly, tonight because there were some heavy clouds at sunset, we did not see the full splendor of the rock changing color in the dying rays of the sun. However, it was still spectacular (if fly-infested), and we could also see some great views of Kata Tjuta in the distance.



Jim enjoying a sunset libation while evading the flies
Kata Tjuta in the distance
Uluru at sunset


Following the sunset, we had a special treat in store, as our tour guide took us to a temporary light display in an open field called Field of Light Uluru.  The event organizers describe it as follows: “The exhibition, aptly named Tili Wiru Tjuta Nyakutjaku or ‘looking at lots of beautiful lights’ in local Pitjantjatjara is Bruce Munro’s largest work to date. Overwhelming in size, covering more than seven football fields, it invites immersion in its fantasy garden of 50,000 spindles of light, the stems breathing and swaying through a sympathetic desert spectrum of ochre, deep violet, blue and gentle white.”


Our evening wrapped up with a special starlit dinner outside the resort, and one of the resort guides did a stargazing walk for us afterwards. Fortunately, as the wind came up with the sunset, we did not have to beat flies away. The stars were truly amazing. Because there is virtually no light pollution out here, I think it was the best stargazing we have ever seen! Back at our room, we continued the pleasure of the stars out on our deck with a glass of the dessert wine Jim had bought for us at Primo Estate.